It is based on child's self-directed activity and learning through collaborative plays.
It helps to develop all aspects of child including, physical, emotional, intellectual, social and moral development.
The whole process of this development is guided by trained teachers and the provision of appropriate environment.
This approach follows some fundamental principles. They are described below:
𝟏: 𝐀𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐢𝐭𝐲 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐩𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐧𝐜𝐞:
Students work individually or in small, self-selected groups. Focus is on child's learning not on teacher's teaching. Independence means to allow the child to do things by himself from the beginning of life within the limits.
𝟐: 𝐏𝐫𝐞𝐩𝐚𝐫𝐞𝐝 𝐄𝐧𝐯𝐢𝐫𝐨𝐧𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭:
Montessori environment is the house of children. It should not be confused with ordinary classroom. It is the place where they live like we do in our homes. The environment is designed to meet the needs, interests, abilities and development of the children.
𝟑: 𝐄𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐲𝐭𝐡𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐢𝐬 𝐜𝐡𝐢𝐥𝐝 𝐬𝐢𝐳𝐞𝐝:
Everything including chair, table, working materials are of child size. Materials are arranged on low shelves to make sure that child can reach them and work whenever he wants.
𝟒: 𝐅𝐨𝐜𝐮𝐬 𝐨𝐧 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐯𝐢𝐝𝐮𝐚𝐥 𝐏𝐫𝐨𝐠𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐬 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐃𝐞𝐯𝐞𝐥𝐨𝐩𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭:
In a Montessori setting, each child works on his own pace and moves to next step when he is ready to move. Individualized plans are used for each child.
𝟓: 𝐀 𝐟𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐥𝐲 𝐬𝐞𝐭𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠:
The focus is to prepare the child to identify his role in helping the care for the environment and to live the standards of the community like in a family, to live with others, work with others and helping other whenever they need.
𝟔: 𝐍𝐨 𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐩𝐞𝐭𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧:
Within this system of education, children are encouraged to cooperate and collaborate rather than competition. They are taught to treat one another with love, respect and kindness.
𝟕: 𝐑𝐨𝐥𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐚𝐝𝐮𝐥𝐭:
We call teacher as directress in this system. She plays the role of a facilitator in the environment. She demonstrates how to use a material. Also encourage the child to learn advanced skills like reading and writing.
𝟖: 𝐌𝐢𝐱 𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐠𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐩:
This term means that children of different ages are working together in a Montessori setting as it develops the sense of responsibility in them and also foster the children to help each other, as elders are encouraged to help younger in any regard. The child also practices code of conduct in this manner.
𝟗: 𝐂𝐨𝐧𝐜𝐫𝐞𝐭𝐞 𝐭𝐨 𝐀𝐛𝐬𝐭𝐫𝐚𝐜𝐭:
In Montessori, concepts are taught to children by presenting them concrete models or contacting them with real things to grasp the concepts deeply.
𝟏𝟎: 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐯𝐢𝐝𝐮𝐚𝐥 𝐀𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐞𝐬:
Every child is encouraged to select and work with the activity of his choice individually. It fosters sense of achievement.
Montessori vs. Traditional
Role of Montessori directress
1- Trained to recognize period of readiness.
2- Directs child’s energy into constructive activities.
3- Evaluates child’s progress.
4- Protects child’s progress.
6- Provides non-judgmental acceptance
7- Peace educator
8- Interprets patterns of growth, determination and behavior
9- Provides a link between classroom and parents.
10- Role model
She is a DIRECTRESS not a teacher.